FIRE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEMS
Fire detection systems are designed to discover fires early in their development when time will still be available for the safe evacuation of occupants. Early detection also plays a significant role in protecting the safety of emergency response personnel. Property loss can be reduced and downtime for the operation minimized through early detection because control efforts are started while the fire is still small. Most alarm systems provide information to emergency respondents on the location of the fire, speeding the process of fire control.
Introduction of Fire Detection and Alarm System
Fire detectors are designed to detect one or more of the three characteristics of fire-smoke, heat and flame. Besides it every fire detection system must include manual call points (break glass), so that in the event of fire can be of immediate help.
During a fire importance of activation of the occupants through alarm or bell is of at most vital and this can performed through alarm system.
Fire alarm system shall be designed to provide round the clock security against fire in the complete power plant area.
Microprocessor based addressable analogue type fire alarm and detection system to be used for various building/areas to detect and provide alarm signal in the main fire alarm panel to be located in the central control room. Fire alarm will be repeated in a repeater alarm panel in the fire station.
Main fire alarm panel annunciation shall be located in the control building. A repeater panel shall be provided in the fire station. Total no of annunciation shall be based on the specific plant requirement.
One (1) siren of 10 Km range is envisaged to provide warning in the event of fire.
In addition to it, PLC panel shall be provided at fire pump house and foam pump house.
Why Fire Detection and Alarm Systems Required?
Fire detection and protection system is required for the following reasons:
- To detect fire in the area during the initial stage.
- To alert occupants, so that they escape the building safely.
- Summon trained personnel to take charge of controlling the fire as quickly as possible.
- To initiate automatic fire control and suppression system.
- To support and supervise the fire control and suppression system.
Area to be Covered under Fire Detection and Protection System
|Sl. No.||Fire Detection System||Area to be Covered|
|1||Smoke Detection System||
|2||Linear heat sensing cable detection system||
|3||Quartzoid bulb heat detection system||
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